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This makes a direct comparison between the epigraphic remains and the reading so much easier A guiding principle from the very beginning was not to accept readings from the publications without checking them.
The prominence of Hellenic cultural forms in Hecatomnid Caria (the region was long exposed to Greek culture) attracted western attention but created the erroneous expectation that the satraps would act against the king.
Though Caria, like other Persian satrapies in the west, was viewed and recorded primarily from the outside, fortunately the satrapal family’s prominence and self-promotion created a number of mostly Greek epigraphic documents detailing the Hecatomnid development of 4th-century Caria and the local attitudes towards these Achaemenid administrators.
Greco-Roman writers, such as Herodotus, Xenophon, Diodorus, and the Alexander historians, most often noted Caria and its personnel only in the context of clashes between Achaemenid and alien troops.
Caria was under Achaemenid rule first as a part of the satrapy of Sparda (Lydia; 540s-390s B. Thus, while the material remains of Caria display little Iranian influence, written records (discarding the pro-Hellenic bias of Greek historians and orators) reveal that this area functioned as a satrapy controlled by loyal and competent administrators.
Caria and its satraps played a significant role in the Achaemenid empire, which was a multi-ethnic land-based power.